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So, why did Jesus pray? Because He needed strength in the face of temptation, wisdom in the face of decision, help in the face of opposition, encouragement in the face of suffering and discouragement, resolve in the face of trial, etc. In short, He needed communion with His Heavenly Father through the Holy Spirit, just like we do.
Strength in the Face of Temptation: When we face temptation, we need to pray. Jesus told His disciples to "watch and pray, that you may not enter into temptation." (Matt. 26:41 & Mark 14:38) When Jesus faced temptation in the wilderness at the beginning of His ministry and in the garden at the end of His ministry, He prayed.
Wisdom in the Face of Decision: In today's passage, we see that Jesus spent all night in prayer before He chose the twelve apostles. He needed wisdom and God tells us that is anyone lacks wisdom, he should ask of God, who gives generously to all without reproach (James 1:5). But we need to be forewarned: Sometimes we ask the Lord for wisdom in decision-making because we think that will guarantee that we make "the right choice," which usually means an easy path or a fruitful ministry, etc. Jesus prayed all night and then chose Judas Iscariot, a thief and a traitor, as one of the twelve. He didn't make a mistake, though the world would probably say He did. God was in control.
Help in the Face of Opposition: Jesus faced great opposition at the cross. Satan and death sought to end Him. He sought the Lord in prayer in the face of such opposition. Hebrews 5:7 says "In the days of his flesh, Jesus offered up prayers and supplications, with and tears, to him who was able to save him from death, and he was heard because of his reverence."
Encouragement in the Face of Suffering: Jesus' prayer at the tomb of Lazarus comes to mind here. Jesus wept at the death of His friend and at the grief of Mary and Martha. He prayed, seeking God's favor, and He did so out loud, that those who were suffering might believe and be strengthened and saved.
Resolve in the Face of Trial: Jesus' prayer in the Garden of Gethsemane right before He was betrayed by Judas: "Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from me. Nevertheless, not my will but Yours be done (Matt. 26:39)." This is a wonderful model of prayer in the face of trial. When resolve weakens, we can pray honestly and then submit ourselves to our Father's will.
If Jesus needed to pray at all these times and in all these ways, how much more should we? And we can do so knowing that our Great High Priest ever lives to make intercession for us and He understands our need personally.
Prayer Based on Psalm 110:
Lord Jesus, Your Heavenly Father said to You at Your ascension to His right hand:
“Sit at my right hand,
until I make your enemies your footstool.”
Your Father has given You a mighty scepter
to entitle You to rule from heaven over all the nations.
Rule in the midst of Your enemies!
Your people will offer themselves freely
on the day of Your power,
when You come again,
in holy garments,
the wedding clothes of Your perfect righteousness;
from the womb of the morning,
the dew of your youth will be Yours forever,
You will shine with glorious strength in the midst of Your people forever.
Your Father has sworn
and will not change His mind,
“You are a priest forever
after the order of Melchizedek.”
You sit at the right hand of Your Father;
You will shatter kings on the day of Your wrath.
You will execute judgment among the nations,
filling them with corpses;
You will shatter chiefs
over the wide earth.
You will drink from the brook by the way;
therefore You will be lifted up by Your Father forever.